Tips to Knock Out Acidity

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This Topic Includes Answers to the Following Questions

What Acidity Exactly Is? How Acid forms inside the Stomach?
What are the Causes and Symptoms of Acidity?
What are the Tips to Stay Safe from Acidity?

Acidity:

What is Acidity
Acidity is the term derived from Acid. Acidity represents the collection of symptoms that occur due to excess production of Acid i.e, Hydochloric Acid (Hcl) inside the stomach. In general, the acid produced or formed in the stomach is neutralized by bicarbonate and prostaglandins secretion by a mucous lining. If this neutralization process due to any obstruction fails then it leads to Acidity.

Why Hcl is Secreted inside the Stomach?

  • Hydrochloric Acid (Hcl) helps in Digestion.
  • It kills the bacteria that reaches your stomach along with your food thereby preventing Infections.
  • Helps in breaking down the constituents present in the food thereby promoting chemical digestion.
  • Activates the digestive enzymes by creating an Acidic medium which is required for their Activation.

How Hcl Secretion takes place inside the stomach?

I don’t want to explain this question in-depth because you have not reached the topic for this. However knowing about Acid secretion is much better. In general, parietal cells secretes Hydrochloric Acid inside the stomach and this process occurs with Ion-exchange Mechanism. The following animation by McGraw Hill clearly explains the Hcl production process.

Hcl Secretion Process:
Step 1From Blood: CO2 Enters from Blood Stream into Parietal Cells of Gastric Glands inside Stomach
Step 2Inside Parietal Cells: CO2 gets reacted with H2O (Water) in presence of Carbonic Anhydrase (CA) to form Carbonic Acid (H2CO3). H2CO3 disassociates into H+ and HCO3- ions. HCO3- ion returns into the blood in an exchange with Cl- ions.
Step 3Into Stomach Lumen: H+ ions gets enter into Stomach Lumen in an exchange with K+ ions. Cl- diffuses through Parietal Cells and Enter Stomach Lumen. There in stomach lumen, Both H+ and Cl- ions combine to form Hcl (Hydrochloric Acid).
 
Have a Look at Above Animation for More Clarity…
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