What is a Content Management System (CMS)?

Content Management System (CMS)

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This Topic Includes Answers to the Following Questions
What is a Content Management System? or What is a CMS?
What are the components of a content management system?
What are the most widely used CMS platforms?

A content management system (CMS) is a pre-built software that allows you to create and publish articles. However, CMS can also be used in designing and managing websites and blogs.

With the help of a content management system (CMS), one can write and publish an article with ease. In general, sound knowledge of programming languages like C, C++, Java, PHP, and HTML, etc is required for designing and managing websites.

The release of CMS makes everyone’s life easier. A person with zero coding language can even able to create articles on a preferred niche without the need of any developer.

What is a Content Management System (CMS)?

There are 2 major components that constitutes a content management system (CMS):

  • Content Management Application (CMA): This is the interface on the screen which is visible to naked eye, where the user can write article, upload images to the article and then publish it.
  • Content Delivery Application (CDA): This is the back-end processes which receives the information from the user, stores it properly in database and then displays it to the visitors upon their visits.

The most widely used content management systems in the world of web technology are as follows:

  1. Self-Hosted Content Management Systems – The CMS is freely available to download. These content management systems are needed to be uploaded to the servers and then maintained by the administrators.
  2. Managed Content Management Systems – The CMS is not available to download. No server or website hosting is required. Everything is managed by the provider company, the user has to update the website regularly.

 

Self-Hosted Content Management Systems

 

  1. WordPress: It is one of the leading content management system that is most widely used. Almost 40% of the world’s websites uses wordpress as their backend. WordPress powers up those websites and brings them to the top among the other websites.
  2. Joomla: It is the second top leading content management system that is most widely used. Almost 25% of the world’s websites uses joomla as their backend. Joomla can’t be operated with ease as that of wordpress.
  3. Drupal: Another platform which is widely used for designing websites and blogs. Almost 10 to 15% of websites run Drupal as their backend. A developer is needed or else a person with good knowledge on coding is required to manage the websites running drupal.

 

Managed Content Management Systems

 

  1. Blogger.com: It is one of the most widely used content management system due to its simplicity. Blogger is proudly managed by Google Inc. The user has to signup an account in blogger.com then the user can start posting articles. Blogger is completely free to use.
  2. WordPress.com: It is different from the self-hosted wordpress which we mentioned earlier. It is the second widely used blogging platform for bloggers. Nothing available to download. User has to sign up for an account then the user can start posting and updating articles.
  3. Wix.com: It is also one of the most widely used content management system in the web industry. One can design beautiful websites using wix website builder. Again the same process here, user has to sign up and then start posting and updating articles.

These managed content management systems are mostly used by bloggers who wants to provide certain information to their visitors and viewers. These managed CMS are not suitable for designing a brand website.

Content Management System is generally used to design the following categories of websites:

  • Static Websites
  • Dynamic Websites
  • FAQ’s Websites
  • Forum Websites
  • Subscription Websites
  • Portfolio Websites
  • Services Websites
  • eCommerce Websites

And many more.

Most widely used eCommerce Content Management Systems are as follows:

 

Self-Hosted eCommerce Content Management Systems

 

  1. Woocommerce: It is the leading eCommerce content management platform due to its super flexibility and easiness. Most of the eCommerce websites run on this Woocommerce. This woocommerce requires wordpress to be installed first and the both in combination works like magic to increase sales in the eCommerce world.
  2. Magento: It is the second leading eCommerce content management system which is most widely used. However, a developer is needed so as to maintain Magento based eCommerce sites. Expenses will be more for adding more functionalities.
  3. Open Cart: It is another most widely used eCommerce CMS platform. The interface is simple. However. more expenditure is required for adding different functions to the site.

 

Managed eCommerce Content Management Systems

 

  1. Shopify: It is one of the most widely used managed eCommerce content management system in the eCommerce word. Plans are little bit expensive, however, users can update their business details and products with ease. No need of downloading any software and no need of any server.

These are some of the most widely used CMS across the globe. However there are many more which we will discuss later in our upcoming posts.

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